Skincare refers to acts that one does in order to keep their skin healthy and attractive. Every person has a different skin type. How do you know your skin type? The quantity of oil (sebum) your skin generates, determines your skin type. The level of oiliness in skin can fluctuate over time and may also be affected by elements like stress, genes, hormones, humidity, and the aging process.

Skin types range from oily, dry, normal, combination and sensitive. Knowing your skin type is key in building a good skincare routine which helps you take care of your skin in a method that is best suited for you.

Oily Skin

This skin type produces excess oil and is most noticeable on the T-zone on one’s face (forehead, nose & chin). People with oily skin have more of a shine which makes the skin feel greasy. Using a gentle cleanser will help remove dirt, impurities and excess oils which clog the pores and lead to acne breakouts. Upon cleansing, moisturize the skin with a lightweight moisturizer.

Dry Skin

This skin type shows natural oil production being typically lower than in other skin types. People with dry skin have a skin type which appears rough or dehydrated and even flaky. Using skincare products which are gentle, hydrating and soothing, help in moisturizing the skin that makes it feel irritated.

Normal Skin

This skin type is neither too oily nor dry. It is balanced. Taking care of this skin type is not complicated as it only needs a cleanser which cleans the skin of dirt and impurities as well as locking in moisture which keeps the skin soft and hydrated.

Combination skin

This skin type features skin that is both oily and dry depending on the part of the face. People with this skin type tend to have an oily T- zone (forehead, nose and chin) and the cheeks bring dry or normal. Taking care of this skin type should include a gentle cleanser that cleans the pores deeply and keep the skin hydrated.

Sensitive skin

This skin type features skin that is most prone to irritation like itchiness or burning sensation. It does not matter if a person has dry, oily or combination or normal for it to be sensitive. People with sensitive skin are more prone to having external irritants which cause the sensitivity to flare up such as fragrances or exposure to sunlight. It is key for a person to avoid being exposed to the substances that make their skin irritated. Taking care of this skin type should include a cleanser that is not harsh and does not contain strong scents and toxic substances like parabens.

Other tips that one should follow in creating a good skincare routine are;

  1. Using sunscreen. This prevents exposure of strong UV rays to the skin which lead to sunburn, skin cancer and premature skin ageing. Sunscreen should be used on a daily basis.
  1. Drinking water. The skin is the largest organ in the human body. Drinking enough water daily leads to hydration of the skin, maintains skin elasticity, flushes out toxins and keeps the skin moisturized and healthy.
  1. Diet. A healthy diet should constitute of healthy fats, proteins, starch, nutrients and vitamins. Avoiding processed foods and foods high in sugar is a big bonus in achieving healthy skin as it makes the skin Inflamed, leads to acne breakouts, and early aging of the skin. Having healthy skin starts from within your body and what you put into it.
  1. Sleep. Many people start to see an increase in fine wrinkles, uneven pigmentation, and decreased skin elasticity when they do not get enough regular, high-quality sleep. Our skin repairs itself while we sleep and makes new collagen which prevents the skin from sagging.

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